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To know more about natural fibers like cotton, silk and jute, their cultivation and uses please subscribe BYJU’S on YouTube and to follow more about the same, download BYJU’S – the learning app. Irrigation causes the seed to germinate and break through the surface to reach daylight. Table 24.14 Production, Area and Yield of Cotton in India: Gap Filling: If you find any seeds that are not germinating even after 1 week of sowing, gap filling should be carried out by planting healthy cotton plants. It takes from 80 to 110 days for planting and flowering; another 55 to 80 days are required for the flower to produce the cotton ball. The seed rate may depend on cultivation methods and variety. Its seeds are fed to cattle and crushed to make oil, rubber and plastics. Cotton crop thrives best in warm and moist climatic conditions where summer is long and where there is salinity in the soil. Harvesting of Cotton Crop:- Usually cotton matures in 6 to 8 months after it is sown. On average, it takes around 90,000 to100,000 plants per hectare or 1 acre of land can accommodate around 40,000 plants. Varieties / Types (Cultivars) of Cotton:- The Popular cotton species cultivated across the world are: There are many hybrids and improved cotton varieties are available under above species. During the production and growth of organic cotton, no pesticides or chemical fertilizers are used. In India, cotton is mainly cultivated in the states of Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh. China is the top producer of cotton in the world. You can also fill the gaps during thinning. It is grown in black clayey soil with warm climate. These soil may include the red-brown, yellow-brown, grey-brown and black types. Its seed oil is used in food and cosmetics. The thinning operation should be carried out after 2 to 3 weeks of sowing by keeping only two healthy plants at each hill. Ginning: The plant from which cotton is picked contains seeds. Contact the local department of agriculture for best high yielding and disease resistant variety. The skip-row method ought to be followed if there is less availability of water. Higher temperatures will injure the crop and result in poor yields. Manures and Fertilizers of Cotton Crop:- The fertilizer required for irrigated cotton is 100:50:50kg nitrogen, phosphorus, and potash per hectare is suggested. It is advisable to plant cotton on flat lands in which the soil is heavy and free draining since cotton doesn’t withstand water-logging. Propagation for Cotton Crop:- Propagation of cotton crop is done by seeds. The plant is a shrub native to tropical and subtropical regions around the world, including the Americas, Africa, and India. › The Cotton Production and Processing Research is located in Lubbock, TX and is part of the Plains Area. The summer-sown harvest becomes regular irrigations at intervals of 8-12 days. Today, so many products are created from cotton. The irrigated cotton harvest is largely sown following preliminary irrigation and next, the light watering is given in three or four days following germination. When it comes to the Indian scenario, cotton, the most important fiber crop of India plays a dominant role in its agrarian and industrial market. After picking it should be dried for 4 days in the sun with due care. Cotton cultivation causes soil degradation and erosion as well as loss of forest area and other habitat. Since the fiber is pervasive in what we wear, eat, and use on a daily basis, its easy to forget that it comes from a crop, and must be harvested each and every year to meet worldwide demand. Organic Cotton Processing, Organic Cotton Production means not only the absence of inorganic synthetic fertilizers and pesticides but it involves very careful planning of … Cotton is a crop with lots of uses including for the clothes we wear everyday. Mechanically by utilizing inter-row cultivators, molding discs and spring tynes. Cultivation And Processing Of Cotton Cotton cultivation requires a warm, humid climate and sandy soil . For this, the ground is plowed and divided into seed rows. Climate Requirement for Cotton Production:- Cotton can be grown both in tropical and sub-tropical warm humid climates. Second picking ought to be done 2 to 3 weeks after first picking. Have you ever wondered how it's grown and harvested? The yield varies in both rainfed and irrigated crop. Ginning can be done using hands or by machines. Irrigation requirement for Cotton Crop:- In the event of cotton germination, square initiation, flowering and boll formation and boll growth will be the critical phases for irrigation. Theoretically, the typical self-pollinating cotton plant doesn’t require bees in order to pollinate and produce fiber or seeds. The alternative: Organic cotton 1/4th nitrogen and entire phosphorus and potash are given in the time of sowing while 1/2 nitrogen is given 4 months after sowing and remaining 1/4 nitrogen are given through spraying. You have entered an incorrect email address! In the sowing line, we sow the seeds leaving an average distance of 3 inches between them. Your email address will not be published. Read: How to Build an NFT Hydroponic System. Increased yield due to decreased plant stress. Higher temperatures will injure the crop and result in poor yields. World Top 10 Countries of Cotton Producers:- The following countries are top 10 producers of cotton. When it does rain, it settles any extraneous materials on the cotton and makes it harder to perfect the cotton during the ginning process. • 3.seedling: After germination the initial leave will help the roots to … … Processing stages in cotton yarn manufacturing .